Android still image capture support based on getUserMedia has made it into Firefox 15! In terms of functionality, this first piece (still image capture)of getUserMedia is the programmatic equivalent of the <input type=”picture”>. However, it lets app developers play with this API so Mozilla can get early feedback (as the spec for getUserMedia is still being defined), and it sets up the infrastructure for full getUserMedia support (i.e. streaming video and audio from the camera and microphone), which Mozilla hopes to have fully supported in Android and Desktop by Firefox 17.
I want to thank all of the people who helped make this happen, especially Anant Narayanan (who is working with me as technical lead for the getUserMedia project at Mozilla), Doug Turner, Johnny Stenbeck, Fabrice Desré, and Jonas Sicking.